Germany has developed plans to start sending migrants or rather asylum seekers back to Greece despite the fact that most of the reception centers that have been created are currently overcrowded and there is a huge backlog in processing of claims.
Previously, Germany suspended such plans due to the Constitutional Court ruling that was made in 2011, but it can now start to send the migrants back to Greece under the stipulated guidelines of the EU Dublin Convention. According to this convention, an asylum claim should be processed specifically in the country where the migrant first gained access to the European Union.
Loannis Mouzalas, the Greek Migration Minister, said that Greece has agreed to take some of the asylum seekers as a goodwill gesture following massive pressure from various EU countries. The German Interior Ministry, on the other hand, said that they requested Greece to accept up to 392 asylum seekers by the end of July.
The transfers will only affect migrants, who arrived in Germany from March, 2017. In 2015 and 2016, Germany welcomed more than 800,000 refugees and migrants who fled abuse and war in Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. During this period, Greece said that it was not in a position to cope with the number of migrants due to its financial crisis.
Reports indicating that the conditions at a majority of Greece reception centers are harsh as migrants complain about bureaucratic delays. More often than not, these delays and complains result in riots.
The entry of migrants into Greece significantly dropped last year when Turkey offered to assist EU intercept boats used to ferry migrants into the country. The newly constructed border fences in the Balkans have also helped reduce the numbers. There is a need to make sure that operations at the reception centers are improved to facilitate faster and smoother processing of asylum claims.