In 2013, Turkey was dealing with about 600,000 Syrian refugees. In 2015, there were more than 2 million Syrians seeking refuge in Turkey or safe passage through Turkey to several European countries. The influx of refugees has put extreme strain on Turkey’s resources and now the Turkish Government has declared their country has absorbed the maximum number of refugees.
German chancellor, Angela Merkel visited Turkey and has agreed to back a multibillion-euro aid package to help Turkey deal with the influx of refugees in the hopes that the refugees will not continue to flee to other European countries. According to the Prime Minister of the Turkey, they are trying to accommodate about 2.5 to 3 million people in their homeland. He further said that their capacity has reached to its maximum.
The Government of Turkey has been trying to adequately provide the refugees with shelter, food, and healthcare to fulfil their basic requirements but resources are being depleted to the extent that Turkey’s economy is suffering. While trying to accommodate the needs of refugees, there have been many crises in the camps and authorities have done their best to keep the refugees safe and healthy. There have been reports of theft of provisions, the rape of young girls, bullying and reports of ISIS recruiting young men and boys to become soldiers and suicide candidates.
Turkey is facing serious challenges in the crisis of the Syrian refugees:
- The economic strain on Turkey’s resources.
- Trying to enlist support from other countries.
- Maintaining security within the camps and in the cities and towns where the refugees have sought shelter.